The craving we have to make our body and mind happy results in our actions being a slave to more grasping and unhappiness in this life. This craving leads to clinging which leads to more becoming and rebirth.
Only when you understand that the five aggregates namely the form, perception, consciousness, feelings and mental formations are impermanent and that attachment to them leads to more suffering then you can let go and renunciation and liberate.
Buddha always taught his disciples and lay people not to believe in a faith blindly. Instead one should question and investigate the truth before accepting any theory.
He also taught the importance of education and continuous learning as per Mangala sutta.
The blessing of education category in Mandala Sutta
1. Much Knowledge,
2. Skill in science,
3. Being well-trained in discipline, and
4. Pleasant speech:-
These four are the highest blessings of education category taught by the Buddha in Mangala Sutta.
Therefore, Buddhism can go with education harmoniously in anytime and in any age. As long as one does not break one of the five precepts, one can learn anything. Either Ancient education or modern education will never teach you to break one of the five precepts.
According to religious and spiritual history of the world, the Buddha is the only master who encourages us to open up our mind, our eyes and heart not to be blind. Meditation is the best technique that guides us how to open up our mind to the sense objects to be aware of, to acknowledge, to investigate what happens inside ourselves regarding the sense objects outside. It is really interesting technique.
Without being learned by a particular type of education, how can one inquire and investigate something either acceptable or not? The Buddha has never taught his disciples any kind of blind faith. The final goal taught by the Buddha can be visibly attained by perfectly learning and practicing. Just by blind faith, will nothing be realized and attained according to the Buddha's Teaching. Therefore, no doubt, Buddhism can go with education harmoniously.
by Ashin Kelasa from Mahagandhayon Monastery
- a nominal Buddhist ?
- a good Buddhist ?
- an excellent Buddhist?
Anattalakkhana sutta is the second discourse given by Buddha to his first five disciples and it talks about non-self .
Ashin Cakkapala explains more of what it means when he recited this sutta on a new moon day:
The Second Discourse (Anattalakkhana Sutta)
Today is New Moon Day. As usual we chanted a Sutta after our normal Puja. I was requested to lead chanting of the Anattalakkhana Sutta. I did not know which Sutta we are chanting today.
As soon as I know that we are chanting this Sutta tonight, two persons appeared in my mind at once: one person who died recently and one who is having a difficult time right now. While I was chanting, I dedicated all the good deed for them.
While I was chanting, I was thinking about this Sutta and expanding my thought.
We can divide three types of Buddhists.
1. A nominal Buddhist: go to temple, do generosity, perform rites and rituals (Such Buddhists will have difficulties to stand ups and downs of life.)
2. A good Buddhist: understand Kamma (actions and reactions) and fully accept it, put into practice loving-kindness, compassion, altruistic joy and equanimity. (Such Buddhists are able to endure ups and downs of life, but will have much difficulties when they encounter serious problem in life.)
3. An excellent Buddhist: understand and fully accept the teaching of Anatta. I want to define Anatta as 'thing that we cannot control'. There are many things that we cannot control in life such as old age, death, losing our beloved ones. That doesn't mean that we are passive. We must acknowledge and fully accept the real nature of these things. Then only we will be able to bear all the difficulties in life.
Anattalakkhana means 'the characteristic of non-self'. This Sutta is the second discourse of the Buddha and taught to a group of five monks. After hearing this discourse, they became Arahants (Fully Enlightened Ones). The teaching in this Sutta is the highest knowledge in Buddhism. This teaching makes Buddhism distinguish from other religions.
Peaceful words calms the mind of others. Using angry abusive words will make the anger grow. Use kind words rather than harsh words at all times..
Venerable K Rathanasara shares how the usage of kind speech brings benefits to us:
[Summary of Dhamma sharing on 17 May 2015]- Peaceful Words
Peaceful words begin in peaceful minds. They are intended to unite people who are divided, and result in good will and strengthen friendships. Through the stories during the Buddha’s time, the Supreme Teacher demonstrated that peaceful words have the power to calm and tame unhappy, angry and agitated beings.
In the Alavaka Sutta, the yakkha Alavaka was condescending towards the Buddha by asking the Lord to “get out”, called Him derogatory names, challenging and threatening to harm Him. The Buddha exchanged anger for compassion when he replied, “I do not, friend, see the world anyone who could upset my mind or break my heart asunder.” The Buddha also used peaceful words to overcome any ill-will harboured against him and to convey his profound wisdom.
Practising peaceful words is a graduated step towards Perfect Peace—Nibbana. /\
Do not react with negative feelings like jealousy, anger and hatred.
Instead react with non-greed, loving kindness and compassion for a more peaceful mind.
Everyone loves storytelling right? In this video Venerable Thubten Chodron narrates the story of Buddha: his life as a royal prince, his search for enlightenment and how he established his sangha (monks and nuns) . She also explains the difference between alms round and begging....
Die lewe van Boeddha
Buddha taught non-self (Anatta) which is one of the three characteristics of existence more than 2500 years ago.
Everything constantly changes, we can't arrest aging process, we can't take full control of our emotions and also nothing is permanent hence it's non-self.
Even neuroscience has proven Buddha's theory of non-self which the Buddha self realized himself and he shared this knowledge with his disciples and lay people.
"This is not myself, this is not mine and this is not what I am. There's no 'l'. "
Все постоянно меняется
எல்லாவற்றையும் தொடர்ந்து மாற்றும்
Meditation and mindfulness have the same meaning. It involves exploring our minds, bringing them to the present moments and to gain awareness.
In this BBC interview, scientists have proven the beneficial effects of mindfulness meditation and they have introduced them into schools. This is something applaudable as if the children start young it will definitely benefit them more if they can continue practicing throughout their lives.
We should try to do meditation whenever we can even a short 5-10 mins of watching our breaths is good enough ..
Story related to Dhammapada Verse 21-23: Samavati and Māgaṇḍiyā
While residing at the Ghosita monastery near Kosambi, the Buddha uttered Verses 21-23, with reference to Samavati, one of the chief queens of Udena, King of Kosambi.
Samavati had a maid servant called Khujjuttara. The maid had to buy flowers for Samavati from the florist Sumana everyday. On one occasion, Khujjuttara had the opportunity to listen to a religious discourse delivered by the Buddha and she attained Sotapatti Fruition (first stage of enlightenment). She repeated the discourse of the Buddha to Samavati and the 500 maids-of-honour, and they also attained Sotapatti Fruition. From that day, Khujjuttara did not have to do any menial work, but took the place of mother and teacher to Samavati. She listened to the discourses of the Buddha and repeated them to Samavati and her maids. In course of time, Khujjuttara mastered the Tipitaka.
Samavati and her maids wished to see the Buddha and pay obeisance to him but they were afraid the king might be displeased. So, they made holes in the walls of their palace and looked through them to pay homage to the Buddha everyday.
At that time, King Udena had also another chief queen by the name of Magandiya. She was the daughter of a brahmin. The brahmin thought the Buddha was the only person who was worthy of his very beautiful daughter. So, he hurriedly went off to fetch his wife and daughter and offered to give his daughter in marriage to the Buddha. Turning down his offer, the Buddha said, "Even after seeing Tanha (craving), Arati (aversion) and Raga (lust), the daughters of Mara, I felt no desire in me for sensual pleasures; after all, what is this which is full of urine and filth and which I don't like to touch even with my foot."
On hearing those words of the Buddha, both the brahmin and his wife attained Anagami Magga and Phala (third stage of enlightenment). They entrusted their daughter in the care of her uncle and they themselves joined the Order. Eventually, they attained arahatship. However, the daughter Magandiya became very bitter and sore. She vowed to take revenge when an opportunity arose.
Later, her uncle presented Magandiya to King Udena and she became one of his chief queens. Magandiya came to learn about the arrival of the Buddha in Kosambi so, she planned to take her revenge on the Buddha and to harm Samavati and her maids who were ardent devotees of the Buddha. Magandiya told the king that Samavati and her maids had made holes in the walls of their living quarters, they were making contacts outside and were disloyal to the king. King Udena knew the truth behind the holes and wasn't angry with Samavati.
Magandiya wanted the King to believe that Samavati wanted to harm and kill him so she planted a snake when the King visited Samavati. When the king saw the snake he believed Magandiya's words that Samavati was trying to kill him. The king was furious. He commanded Samavati to stand and all her ladies to line up behind her, he tried to shoot them with arrows dipped with poison. As Samavati and her ladies bore no ill wills towards the king and through the power of goodwill (metta), the arrow turned back. Then, the king realized the innocence of Samavati and he gave her permission to invite the Buddha and his disciples to the palace for alms-food and for delivering discourses.
Magandiya realizing her plans had failed, she made a final infallible plan. She sent a message to her uncle with full instructions to go to Samavati's place and burn down the building with all the women inside. As the house was burning, Samavati and her maids-of-honour kept on meditating. Thus, some of them attained Sakadagami Fruition (second stage of enlightenment), and the rest attained Anagami Fruition (third stage of enlightenement).
The king rushed to the scene, but it was too late to save them. He suspected that it was done at the instigation of Magandiya. He said on purpose "While Samavati was alive I had been fearful of beiong harmed by her but now she's gone i will be at peace. Who could have done this? It must have been done only by someone who loves me very dearly." Hearing this, Magandiya promptly admitted that it was she who had instructed her uncle to do it. The king pretended to be very pleased and asked her to invite her relatives here to be honored. On arrival at the palace, all of them, including Magandiya, were seized and burnt in the palace court yard, by the order of the king.
When the Buddha was told about these two incidents, he said that those who are mindful do not die; but those who are negligent are as good as dead even while living.
In other words, the heedful , diligent and wise ones will practice and strive on to achieve nibbana. whereas those who are heedless, not mindful will not attain and live as if like the dead.
Where is the birth place of Buddha? Was there any significant event that happened when he was born? Lumbini is one of the four pilgrimage sites that a Buddhist will visit.